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Dr Caroline Trotter

Research Interests

I am an infectious disease epidemiologist, based at the Department of Veterinary Medicine in Cambridge. My research focuses on the epidemiology and control of bacterial meningitis and other vaccine-preventable diseases. I use a variety of methods including mathematical modelling, cost-effectiveness studies, analyses of large databases and seroprevalence studies.


vaccines ; seroprevalence studies ; conjugate vaccines ; mathematical modelling


  • influenza
  • meningitis
  • bacterial meningitis
  • meningococcal meningitis
  • infectious diseases

Key Publications

Trotter CL, Yaro S, Njanpop-Lafourcade B-M, Drabo A, Kroman SS, Idahou RS, Sanou O, Bowen L, Findlow H, Diagbouga S, Gessner BD, Borrow R, Mueller JE. Seroprevalence of bactericidal, specific IgG antibodies and incidence of meningitis due to group A Neisseria meningitidis by age in Burkina Faso 2008. PLoS One. 2013;8(2):e55486.

Irving T, Blyuss K, Colijn C, Trotter CL. Modelling meningococcal meningitis in the African meningitis belt. Epidemiol & Infect 2012 May;140(5):897-905.

Rozenbaum M, van Hoek AJ, Fleming D, Trotter CL, Miller E, Edmunds WJ. Cost-effectiveness of vaccinating risk groups in England against invasive pneumococcal disease using the 13 valent pneumococcal vaccine: an economic analysis. BMJ. 2012 345:e6879

Christensen H, May MT, Bowen L, Hickman M, Trotter CL. A systematic review of meningococcal carriage by age. Lancet Infect Dis 2010, 10:853-61

Harrison LH, Trotter CL, Ramsay ME. Global epidemiology of meningococcal disease. Vaccine. 2009. 27(S2):B51-B63.

Trotter CL, McVernon J, Ramsay ME, Whitney CG, Mulholland K, Goldblatt D, Hombach J, Kieny M-P, on behalf of the SAGE subgroup.. Optimising the use of conjugate vaccines for Haemophilus influenzae type b, Neisseria meningitidis and Streptococcus pneumoniae. Vaccine. 2008, 26(35):4434-45.