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Professor Ziad Mallat

Professor Ziad Mallat

Ziad Mallat is accepting applications for PhD students.

Ziad Mallat is available for consultancy.

Research Interests

Both innate and adaptive immune responses have been involved in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). However, there is currently no therapeutic strategy targeting the immune response in atherosclerosis and no medical therapy has been approved for the treatment of AAA.

We have shown that subpopulations of regulatory T (Treg) cells potently inhibit atherosclerotic lesion development and inflammation. We hypothesise that Treg cells and similarly, B cell type regulatory populations, have a broader role in the control of vascular inflammation and may significantly alter atherosclerosis or AAA development/progression. We will study in detail the mechanisms leading to recruitment of T and B cell subsets into the injured vessel wall and the pathways by which they modulate vascular inflammation. We will also develop novel immuno-modulatory and vaccination-based strategies to promote protective immune responses in atherosclerosis and AAA.


B cells ; vascular biology ; cell culture ; confocal microscopy ; endothelial cells ; interleukin ; cytokines ; cross-sectional and cohort studies ; adhesion molecules ; inflammation ; monocytes ; haemodynamic monitoring ; immunohistochemistry ; macrophages ; apoptosis ; T cells ; microscopy ; regulatory T cells ; chemokines/monokines ; fluorescence microscopy ; dendritic cells


  • ischemic injury
  • immune response in cardiovascular disease

Key Publications

Sage AP, Mallat Z. Multiple potential roles for B cells in atherosclerosis. Ann Med. 2014 Aug;46(5):297-303. d

Ait-Oufella H, Sage AP, Mallat Z, Tedgui A. Adaptive (T and B cells) immunity and control by dendritic cells in atherosclerosis.
Circ Res. 2014 May 9;114(10):1640-60.

Li X, Deroide N, Mallat Z. The role of the inflammasome in cardiovascular diseases. J Mol Med (Berl). 2014 Apr;92(4):307-19

Zouggari Y, Ait-Oufella H, Bonnin P, Simon T, Sage AP, Guérin C, Vilar J, Caligiuri G, Tsiantoulas D, Laurans L, Dumeau E, Kotti S, Bruneval P, Charo IF, Binder CJ, Danchin N, Tedgui A, Tedder TF, Silvestre JS, Mallat Z. B lymphocytes trigger monocyte mobilization and impair heart function after acute myocardial infarction. Nat Med. 2013 Oct;19(10):1273-80.

Deroide N, Li X, Lerouet D, Van Vré E, Baker L, Harrison J, Poittevin M, Masters L, Nih L, Margaill I, Iwakura Y, Ryffel B, Pocard M, Tedgui A, Kubis N, Mallat Z. MFGE8 inhibits inflammasome-induced IL-1β production and limits postischemic cerebral injury. J Clin Invest. 2013;123:1176-81.

Sage AP, Tsiantoulas D, Baker L, Harrison J, Masters L, Murphy D, Loinard C, Binder CJ, Mallat Z. BAFF Receptor Deficiency Reduces the Development of Atherosclerosis in Mice. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2012;32:1573-6.

Mallat Z, Lambeau G, Tedgui A. Lipoprotein-associated and secreted phospholipases A₂ in cardiovascular disease: roles as biological effectors and biomarkers. Circulation. 2010;122:2183-200.

Ait-Oufella H, Herbin O, Bouaziz JD, Binder CJ, Uyttenhove C, Laurans L, Taleb S, Van Vré E, Esposito B, Vilar J, Sirvent J, Van Snick J, Tedgui A, Tedder TF, Mallat Z. B cell depletion reduces the development of atherosclerosis in mice J Exp Med 2010 Aug 2; 207(8): 1579-87

Wang Y, Ait-Oufella H, Herbin O, Bonnin P, Ramkhelawon B, Taleb S, Huang J, Offenstadt G, Combadière C, Rénia L, Johnson JL, Tharaux PL, Tedgui A, Mallat Z TGF-β activity protects against inflammatory aortic aneurysm progression and complications in angiotensin II-infused mice J Clin Invest 2010 120: 422-32

Taleb S, Romain M, Ramkhelawon B, Uyttenhove C, Pasterkamp G, Herbin O, Esposito B, Perez N, Yasukawa H, Van Snick J, Yoshimura A, Tedgui A, Mallat Z Loss of SOCS3 expression in T cells reveals a regulatory role for interleukin-17 in atherosclerosis J Exp Med 2009 206: 2067-77